NAVIGATION
TEILEN
ADDRESS Stethaimerstrasse 4 5020 Salzburg Austria
CONTACT Mail: Wilhelm.Foissner@sbg.ac.at Phone: +43 662 647837
Last update 2018.01.02
     

TAXA

So far I described, together with many co-workers, about 1000 new taxa. Berger & Al-Rasheid (2008, Denisia, 23, 65-124) compiled a list of all taxa mentioned in my taxonomic and nomenclatural works published from 1967 to 2007. Taxa described in later works will be included step by step. For list click here (opens in a new window).

Centropyxis sylvatica DEFLANDRE, 1929

from Foissner & Korganowa, 2000, Acta Protozoologica 39: 257-273; for more information see PDF (1.4 MB) The validity of this testate amoeba was questionable since its description in 1929. We could show by scanning electron microscopy that it has, indeed, two shell openings of which the inner one is difficult to recognize (arrowheads in right figure). Often, only the external shell opening is recognized (arrows). Size about 68 × 74 × 46 µm. Globally distributed in litter and soils of conferous forests.

A new phylum: the HEMIMASTIGOPHORA

Hemimastix amphikineta FOISSNER, BLATTERER & FOISSNER, 1988

from Foissner, Blatterer & Foissner, 1988, Europ. J. Protistol. 23: 361-383 (PDF 18 MB) and Foissner & Foissner, 1993, J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 40: 422-438 (PDF 7 MB) This minute (14–20 × 7–20 µm) organism has two ciliary rows and looks thus like a ciliate. However, transmission electron microscopy showed an organization markedly different from all protist groups. Thus, we established a new phylum for it, the Hemimastigophora. Recently, its genetic sequence confirmed this high classification. Hemimastix amphikineta is very likely restricted to soils from the southern hemisphere, e.g., Australia and South America.

Stylonychia (Metastylonychia) nodulinucleata SHI & LI, 1993

reinvestigated by KUMAR and FOISSNER 2017, Europ. J. Protistol. 57: 61-72 (PDF 5 MB) This up to 300 µm long ciliate belongs to the Hypotrichida which bundled the cilia to cirri. This species is unique in having a long, nodulated macronucleus. It occurs in limnetic habitats of China and Australia.  Fig. A: Ventral view, showing the huge oral apparatus and the moniliform macronucleus. Scale bar 100 µm. Fig. E: Light microscopic photograph of a live specimen, showing body shape, the adoral zone of membranelles, and the proximal portion of the long caudal cirri (See Fig. B). Scale bar 100 µm. Fig. B: Ventral view of a specimen impregnated with protargol (a combination of protein and silver nitrate), showing, inter alia, the arrangement of the cirri. AZM - adoral zone of membranelles, CC - caudal cirri, EM - endoral membrane, FC3 - frontal cirrus 3, FVC - frontoventral cirri, LM - left row of marginal cirri, MA - macronucleus, PC - postoral cirri, RM - right row of marginal cirri, TC - transverse cirri. Scale bar 100 µm.

Bresslauides discoidea (KAHL, 1931)

FOISSNER, 1993

in FOISSNER (1993): Colpodea (Ciliophora). G. Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, New York, 798 pp (PDF 410 MB) This gigantic ciliate (up to 700 µm) occurs in terrestrial mosses and litter. It has a huge oral apparatus left of the table-like buccal area. It is a predator ingesting smaller ciliates and small metazoans, e.g., rotifers.

Sandmanniella terricola FOISSNER & STOECK, 2009

from FOISSNER & STOECK, 2009, J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 56: 472-483; for more information see  PDF (2 MB) Sandmanniella terricola is a small, about 50 µm long ciliate with reticulate, colpodid silverline pattern (middle figure) and a flat, disk-shaped oral region associated with a long basket resembling the nassulids (left figure). However, the general organization , the silverline pattern, and gene sequences show a strong colpodid affinity that family state appears justified. Very likely, it is an African endemite.  Left figure: Right side view of a live specimen. PC - perioral condensation of cilia. Scale bar 30 µm. Middle figure: Ventrolateral silverline pattern, as shown in a silver nitrate preparation. Note the complex oral structures in the right anterior quadrant of the cell. The slightly spiral, dotted lines are the basal bodies of the cilia. Right figure: A silver carbonate, slightly pressed preparation, showing all the details of the somatic and oral ciliary pattern. In the centre of the cell is the deeply impregnated macronucleus. The ciliate has been dedicated to Prof. Dr. Wilhelm SANDMANN (Germany), an excellent surgeon, who endowed me with a further life by repairing my thoracal aneurysm.

Examples

NAVIGATION
TEILEN
ADDRESS Stethaimerstr. 4 5020 Salzburg Austria
CONTACT Mail: Wilhelm.Foissner@ sbg.ac.at Phone: +43 662 647837
     

TAXA

So far I described, together with many co-workers, about 1000 new taxa. Berger & Al-Rasheid (2008, Denisia, 23, 65-124) compiled a list of all taxa mentioned in my taxonomic and nomenclatural works published from 1967 to 2007. Taxa described in later works will be included step by step. For list click here  (opens in a new window).
Wilhelm FOISSNER
WILHELM FOISSNER